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Published for BBN Employees 
Cambridge, Massachusetts Octobcr1994 
Current this month 
BBN Celebrates the 25th Anniversary of the 
ARPANET. BBN hosted a celebration to honor 
those who developed the ARPANET ....................... 1 
An Interview with Frank Heart .......................... 4 
NEARNET Becomes Subsidiary of New BBN ISC. 
With NEARNET s and BARNT TM, BBN has further 
secured its position as a leading provider of Internet 
services on both coasts ............................................ 7 
Affirmative Action at BBN. The company is 
working actively on developing its affirmative 
action programs ....................................................... 8 
Voice Commands for Traffic Information. BBN 
has teamed with SmartRoute Systems to provide a 
service that allows users to give voice commands 
for traffic information ............................................. 9 
BBN Staff News. Employee Anniversaries, Ungar 
Receives Award, Papers and Publications, New 
Principal and Division Scientists and Engineers, 
SDP Publications and Patent Awards .................... 10 
BBN Reports ....................................................... 13 
BBN BusinessNews. BBN Names Fjeldstad to 
Board. STD Introduces an Internet Server for School 
Networks. TotalView TM Multiprocess Debugger 
Available for Alpha AXP Workstation. BBN lnternet 
Services Corporation subsidiary formed. Expansion 
of NEARNET to New York. BARRNET Acquisition 
Merges Internet Services on Two Coasts. New 
Training Group/Services. John Kish Named Head 
of SPC. RS/1  Release Enhances External Interface. 
MicroNova electronic GmbH to Distribute 
BBN/Probe Software. LightStream CEO Appointed 
a VP of BBN. LightStream, BBN, and NEC to 
Expand ATM Relationship .................................... 14 
Julie Oonahue Named CEO of New 
BBN HARK Systems Corporation .................. 16 
BBN Celebrates the 
25th Anniversary of the ARPANET 
On the weekend of September 10, BBN hosted a cclcbration to 
recognize the achievements and honor the group of people 
who envisioned and developed the ARPANET, the computer 
network that was the predecessor to the lnternet. Thc celebra- 
tion, called "The History of the Future: ARPANET, Internet ... 
and Beyond," comprised several events. 
Among the activities were a press reception on Friday afternoon in 
the Copley Plaza Bar for members of the press, attended by a rep- 
resentative group of the "pioneers," who worked on the original 
ARPANET project and on the development of computer networks; 
a gathcring at 6 p.m. in the Venetian Room of the Copley Plaza for 
a larger group of the people who developed computer networking; 
a BBN Open House at 150 CambridgePark Drive on Saturday, 
Sept. 10, with technology demonstrations, to which press and pio- 
neers were invited; and a gala reception and dinner in the Grand 
Ballroom of the Cop]ey Plaza on Saturday cvening, attended by 
more than 350 people, including members of the press, pioneers, 
and others associated with computer networking around the world. 
Friday Press Reception 
At the Friday reception, BBN Presidcnt and CEO Gcorge Conrades 
briefly described the ARPANET project and thc purpose of tbc silver 
anniversary celebration Steve Lew, chairman of BBNk board of 
directors, then introduced about 15 of the ARPANET foundcrs to 
the press. 
Among those introduced from BBN were Frank Heart, recently re- 
tired from the presidency of BBN Systems and Tcchnologies Divi- 
sion, who was the principal investigator on the ARPANET project; 
Ben Barker, then a hardware cngincer at BBN responsible for 
designing the hardware interfaces on the original IMP (Interface 
Message Processor), and for installing thc first IMP at UCLA, and 
now a senior vice president and chief technology officer at BBN; 
and Dave Walden, then a member of the ARPANET team and one 
of the three computer programmers on the project to develop the 
IMP, and now a senior vice president at BBN. (Names of current 
and recent BBNers appear in bold in this article.) 
Several of the pioneers and a few members of the press gave brief 
spontaneous talks at the Friday press reception, describing their 
impressions of the early days of networking and the importance of 
networking today. Other pioneers introduced included Bob Kahn, 
(continued on page 2) 
------------------------------<page break>-----------------------------
(continued firm page I) 
..'.:.' 
The "IMP guys" in 1969. Top row: Ben Barker. Second row (l to r): Truett Thach, Bill Bartell, Dave 
Walden, Jim Geisman, Bob Kahn, Frank Heart, Marty Thrope, Will Crowther, and Severo Ornstein. 
Severo Ornstein, Truett Thach, and Martin 
Thrope, all of whom were in the original 
"IMP guys" photo, taken in 1969. 
Kahn, a co-author of the TCP/IP protocol, 
was the founder and is now president of 
the Corporation for National Research 
Initiatives. Ornstein, who was respon- 
sible for the ARPANET network hard- 
ware component, was the founder and is 
now chairman of Computer Professionals 
for Social Responsibility. Truett Thach, 
who helped test and install the first IMPs, 
is now director of Quality and Manufac- 
turing Engineering at ACC Systems in 
Santa Barbara, CA. 
Roland Bryan, Vint Cerf, Steve Crocker, 
Doug Engelbart, Len Kleinrock, John 
Postel, Lan-y Roberts, Bob Taylor, and Barry 
Wessler were also introduced. Bryan, then 
a principal investigator at the University of 
Santa Barbara, CA, one of the original four 
nodes of the ARPANET, is now president 
and CEO of ACC Systems. Vint Ceff, a 
co-author of the TCP,qP protocol, is now 
senior vice president of data architecture 
at MCI Communications Corp. and presi- 
dent of the Internet Society. 
Steve Crocker, responsible for the hard- 
ware and software connections of the 
first ARPANET computers, is now vice 
president of Trusted Information Sys- 
tems. Doug Engelbart, an innovator in 
human/machine interaction who is cred- 
ited with inventing the mouse, is now 
director of the Bootstrap Institute in 
Fremont, CA. Dr. Engelbart spoke on the 
Thursday before the weekend events in 
BBN's Guest Lecturer series. 
Len Kleinrock, who developed the basic 
principles of network communications 
and was Principal Investigator for the 
ARPA project at UCLA, the site of the 
first ARPANET node, is now chairman of 
UCLA's Computer Science Department 
and chairman and CEO of Technology 
Transfer Institute. John Postel, a member 
of the ARPANET programming team at 
UCLA, is now associate director for net- 
working at the University of Southern 
California. Larry Roberts, then Director 
of the Information Processing Techniques 
Office for ARPA and known as the man 
who made the ARPANET happen, is now 
president of ATM Systems, a division of 
Pe2 
Connectware, Inc. Bob Taylor, tbcn D- 
rector of ARPA's computer research pro- 
gram and initiator of ARPANET research, 
is now director of Digital Equipment 
Corporation's Systems Research Center at 
Palo Alto, CA. Barry Wessler, part of the 
ARPA developtnent team, was cofounder 
of Telenet Communications Corp. and 
NetExpress, and is now CEO of Plcxys 
international in Hemdon. VA. 
Among others currently at BBN who 
were early contributors to networking 
technology are Jerry Burchfiel, Will 
Crowther, Ken Pogran, Alex McKenzie, 
Touy Michel, Bob Thomas, and Ray 
Tomlinson. Tomlinson developed the 
first electronic mail that could work 
across many computers in a network, 
and is now a Principal Scientist at BBN. 
A number of other BBNcrs who wcrc in- 
volved with the ARPANET in its earliest 
years attended the 25th Anniversary 
events, as did many people working at 
ARPA at the time, or located at one of the 
original ARPANET sites, or who were at 
BBN at the time but then went elsewhcrc. 
(See photo of original ARPANET team in 
1969 for some of the original "IMP guys"; 
see photo taken on Sept. 9, 1994 for a 
"recreation" of the original team photo.) 
Some of the press who accepted invitations 
to the 25th anniversary celebration were 
from the Boston Globe, Computer World, 
Global Network, Infoworld, PC Week, Net- 
work Computers, Newsbytes News, The New 
Yor],' Times, and Reuters, among others. 
Technology Day 
BBN hdd a Technology Open House m 
connection with the celebration of 25 
years of innovation in netxvork communi- 
cations, on Saturda); September 10 from 
10 a.m to 2 p.m. at 150 CambridgePark 
Drive. They showed six presentations, 
and provided bus service from the Copley 
Plaza to the demo site. Brief descriptions 
of the demos follow: 
 Cornerstone Data Analysis Software 
(BBN Software Products Corp.): 
------------------------------<page break>-----------------------------
Cornerstone integrates the key func- 
tions required to perform exploratory 
data analysis in an easy-to-use "point 
and click" desktop application. 
Cornerstone was designed for a client/ 
server computing environment, where 
a user working at a desktop computer 
or workstation can analyze data pulled 
from a database on another computer. 
The demo showed the use of Comer- 
stone to analyze network performance. 
 LightStream 2020--Pecct Vision for 
ATM Migration (LightStream Corp.): 
The presentation discussed how to mi- 
grate to Asynchronous Transfer Mode 
(ATM) networks and provided an 
overview of the LightStream TM 2020 
Enterprise Switch, an optionally fault- 
tolerant modular device. The switch 
offers sophisticated bandwith manage- 
ment and congestion avoidance features 
that enable customers to reduce their 
operating costs without compromising 
the quality of service. 
 BBN Inte,-nct Sen, erBringing Internet 
Power to the Desktops of Students and 
Teachers (Educational Technologies 
Dept., BBN Systems and Technologies 
Division): BBN is working with schools 
worldwide to incorporate internet- 
working as a constructive and creative 
tool for learning and teaching. The 
schools are supported by the BBN In- 
ternet Server TM, a complete hardware 
and software package that is easy to 
manage from a desktop personal com- 
puter. Children and educators use tra- 
ditional Internet services such as eraall 
and newer interactive and hypermedia 
services such as Gopher and World 
Wide Web in their projects. This demo 
included remote visits to students and 
teachers using the Intemet Server. 
 BBN Speech Recognition Technoloy:v-- 
Present and Future (BBN Hark Systems 
Corp.): This demo highlighted the 
BBN Hark Systems Corporation's 
speaker-independent continuous 
speech technology. The presentation 
included demos of both current and 
future technology capabilities, focus- 
ing on projects for the financial and 
travel industries. The demo concluded 
with a glimpse at the world's first 
large-vocabulary, speaker independent, 
continuous speeckdictation system. 
Personal Internet Newspaper--Finding 
and Organizing Information on the Inter- 
net (Distributed Systems Dept., BBN 
Systems and Technologies Division): 
The BBN Personal Internet Newspaper 
is designed to help people manage the 
flow of information available on the 
Internet from email, bulletin boards, 
and on-line databases. It helps users 
select what interests them from the sea 
of possibilities and organize the mate- 
ria] into one unified, automatically 
generated digest. The demo showed 
how this is done within the open 
architecture of the World Wide Web, 
thus integrating and adding value to 
the collection of rapidly evolving tools 
for the Web that facilitate information 
creation, publication, discovery, and 
presentation. 
BBNk Network' Opcrations Ccntcr 
(NOC) (BBN Interact Services Corp.): 
This demo showed how BBN's Network 
Operations Center proactively moni- 
tors, troubleshoots, and solves prob- 
lems on the Internet, one of the most 
complex networking environments in 
existence todas: The NOC provides 
services for business, educational, and 
research orgamzations that depend on 
the Internet for their work. 
Satuay Dinner 
At the dinner on Saturday, September 10, 
more than 350 people crowded into the 
bar next to the CopIcy Plaza grand ball- 
room for drinks and hots d'oeuvrcs and 
a chance to see old friends. Marly of the 
pioneers had not seen each other for 
many years, Vint Cerf noted, although 
they have kept in touch through eraall. 
Then the guests, who had come froln all 
over the United States and froln many 
forcign countries, moved into the ornate 
gold-and-white ballroom for dinner. 
United States Rep. Edward Markey gave 
a keynote speech of appreciation for the 
(continued on page 4) 
The "IMP guys" in 1994. Top row: Ben Barker. Second row (l to r): Truett Thach, Dave Walden 
Bob Kahn, Frank Heart, Marty Thrope, and Severo Ornstein. 
Page3 
------------------------------<page break>-----------------------------
(coitiucd fi'om pagc 3) 
computer pioneers. "I'm only an expert 
on the information highway in compari- 
son to other congressmen," said Marke); 
"but look around you in this room. You'll 
see that it's filled with daunting genius." 
Governor Weld declared September 10, 
1994 "Communications Networking Day," 
celebrating Massachusetts as a world 
leader in computing and networking. 
Steve Levy read a letter of congratulation 
from President Bill Clinton, which said 
in part, "Bringing together visionary in- 
dividuals from every area of society, the 
ARPANET project stands as a testament to 
the brilliant achievements that can result 
when the public and private sectors work 
together for the common good. As one of 
the millions of people around the world 
who stays in touch through the Internet, 
I extend gratitude and deep admiration to 
the pioneering scientists who have made 
computer networking a reality" 
Video Presentation 
Next, the audience saw a state-of-the-art 
video presentation featuring interviews 
with many of the pioneers. The presenta- 
tion showed still photos of the founders 
at work 25 years ago,_film footage of sig- 
nificant current events of the time, and 
videotaped interviews conducted with 
the ARPANET pioneers this year. The 
presentation provided a lively history of 
the growth of computer networks from 
the ARPANET to the Internet, conclud- 
ing with interviews of a group of school- 
children giving their views on using the 
Internet. 
In their interviews, several kids said that 
they are much more interested in using 
the Internet than their parents, who pre- 
fer using the phone or watching TV, 
although they try to teach their parents 
how to use the new technology. One boy 
said tie likes to use the Internet because 
it lets him talk to all his friends at once, 
instead of only one friend at a time. "Most 
people didn't even have computers 25 
years ago," noted another student. "i 
would like to thank the [oundcrs of the 
ARPANET. Even to think of making a 
computer network then, they must have 
been geniuses." This video presentation 
will be shown in Newman Auditorium 
and copies are available in the BBN Library. 
Awards and Speeches 
Vint Cerf briefly reminisced about the 
pioneering days of networking, before he 
presented awards [or their service to the 
Internet community to Bob Bradcn of 
USC Information Sciences Institute, and 
Lyman Cbapin and Steve Kent of BBN. 
He also called his wife up to tbc podium 
and gave her a bug, because the day of 
the dinner was their 28th wedding anni- 
versary. Then Steve Levy introduced 
Frank Heart, who walked to the podium 
to strains of the song, "You Gotta Have 
Heart," and gave a speech analyzing why 
the ARPANET project was so successful. 
(See the interview in this issue for sonic 
of the reasons.)  
An Interview with 
Frank Heart 
At the Systems and Technologies DivisionS; 
New l'kar Lunch on June 30, 1994, BBN 
President and CEO George Conrades 
announced that Frank Heart, President of 
Systems and Technologies and a senior vice 
president of the corporation, was retirillg 
on July 31 after 28years at BBN. Follow- 
hlg is an inten, iew Frank gave to the BBN 
Digest. 
Q: What was your background before 
you came to BBN? 
A: When I was a graduate studcnt in 
engineering at MIT I worked on Whirl- 
wind, which was a computer on campus 
there, in the late 40s, about 1949. When 
1 first worked there, the machine bad 32 
registers, and you entered instructions 
and data in binary, via toggle switches, 
and the machine took up two very large 
rooms. I've been luck); because very fcw 
peoplc get to ride technology rockets, 
and l've had two chances. The first was 
being in at the very beginning of the 
computer era and getting to watch it be- 
come a major industry. And then 1 had a 
second crack, with the ARPANET. 
Q: You mentioned that you had worked 
on tim SAGE system at Lincoln Lab. 
What was SAGE, and when did you go 
to Lincoln Lab? 
A: I'm also lucky because I never had to 
apply for a job in my life. When 1 was a 
graduate student working on Whirlwind, 
the Air Force had just asked M1T to build 
Page 4 
------------------------------<page break>-----------------------------
a system to protect the country from air 
raids, and that air defense system was 
called SAGE. The air defense people 
stumbled on Whirlwind just when it 
needed to be stumbled on, and eventu- 
ally most of the Whirlwind team was 
transferred to Lincoln Lab, a research lab 
of MIT supported by the government. 
After a while, my office moved from the 
campus to Lincoln Lab in Lexington, and 
I continued to work on the SAGE system. 
Q: How did you come to BBN? 
A: I went to a summer conference at 
Woods Hole which was being run by the 
director of Lincoln Lab, on "Intrex," which was a study of how to use technol- 
ogies and computers to make a difference 
in how libraries work. At the conference 
I became friendly with Danny Bobrow 
from BBN, and I subsequently heard 
about a possible need at BBN for addi- 
tional help with the Hospital Computer 
project. This project was started by Jor- 
dan Baruch, a very charismatic technolo- 
gist who later became Assistant Director 
of the U.S. Dept. of Commerce. BBN tried 
to capitalize on this project by making an 
arrangement with G.E. to set up a com- 
pany called Medinet, and as part of this 
plan, Jordan was to run Medinet for some 
period. So BBN needed help to run the 
Hospital Computer project. When I came 
to BBN it was being run by Paul Castle- 
man, who looked twelve at the time. He 
probably wasn't twelve, but he looked 
twe}ve, and he had been left to cope with 
NIH, Mass General, and an assortment of 
strong-willed people both at these orga- 
nizations and at BBN. 
So BBN extracted me from Lincoln Lab 
to take over that part of BBN. With great 
trepidation I left Lincoln Lab after 15 
years (I have lots of trouble making 
major life changes.) I came to BBN in 
December 1966, in time to help the Hos- 
pital project through its terminal illness. 
The Hospital Computer project was quite 
important, even though it wasn't "sue- 
cessfut," in my engineering sense. "Suc- 
cessful," to me, means something that 
gets out into the field and works for real 
users. The project never became a work- 
ing system at Mass General, but it was a 
seedground and catalyst for many other 
projects around the country. 
For the next year and a half (1967-1968) 
I worked on various projects along with 
the Hospital Computer project. Then, 
in mid-'68 the ARPANET project came 
on the horizon, and the contract was 
awarded to BBN on January 1, 1969. 
Recentb; I found Hawley Rising's copy 
of the original RFP and proposal, with 
the names of the people involved in the 
proposal. And many of them are still in- 
volved with BBN. (Hawley, who helped 
run the proposal in the beginning, died 
earlier this year, not long after he retired 
from BBN). Severo Ornstein was in charge 
of hardware design, and Will Crowther 
and Dave Walden were in charge of soft- 
ware design. Dave is still here, and Will 
is at LightStream. Bob Kahn, who was 
another key member of the design team, 
eventually left to go to ARPA. But a lot of 
the original group stayed. 
Q: so the ARPANET marked the begin- 
ning of networking? 
A: The ARPANET was the first packet- 
switching network that was at all "real." 
In England, the National Physical Lab 
had a test network, and there were other 
computer-to-computer connections in 
existence. But the ARPANET was the 
clear rootstem of networking as we know 
it today. It was the first actually useful 
packet network. Labor Day of 1969 was 
the first installation of the ARPANET. 
Q: Did we invent electronic mail at BBN? 
A: Yes, Ray Tomlinson did, in the early 
1970s. That is, we "invented" eraall in 
the networking sense. There were ways 
before then that you could leave mes- 
sages for someone else within an indi- 
vidual computer. The distinction was 
that with our electronic mail you could 
work across a multiplicity of computers 
in a network. 
Q: How did the ARPANET evolve into 
the Internet? 
A: After seeing how the ARPANET 
worked, many groups around the world 
built networks and then began connect- 
ing them together. Then people worked 
 on connecting them in an orderly way, 
and eventually the TCP/IP protocol suite 
and other protocol suites were developed. 
and BBN participated in the development 
of such interconnection protocols. And 
then, in recent years, network growth 
around the world exploded. 
Q: What made the ARPANET project 
work so well? 
A: There were many factors. At BBN we 
had a very small, very talented group; the 
hardware guys could program and the 
software people knew a lot about hard- 
ware. And the other groups around the 
country who participated in the network 
were the cream of the technological crop 
of the day. 
Also, it was crucial that Larry Roberts, at 
ARPA, had cognizance of the activities 
both of the user groups and the network 
builders. There was a strong yet informal 
group at ARPA that directed the develop- 
ment activities. 
It was also important that BBN placed great 
emphasis on reliability. That was one of 
our strengths, and has been all along. For 
example, the first IMP was ruggedized 
physically, and it had a watchdog timer to 
restart the machine if the program went 
wild, and the equipment was expected to 
run unattended, with no use of buttons or 
knobs locally. It was in a solid case that 
was hard to tamper with. This kind of 
thinking about reliability was partly a 
legacy of the project group from my prior 
experience at Whirlwind and Lincoln 
Lab, where Jay Forester was very insistent 
on the importance of reliability issues. 
(continued on page 6) 
Page 5 
------------------------------<page break>-----------------------------
(continued from page 5) 
Q: How about some of the other major 
activities at BBN? How did the company 
develop while you were here? 
A: BBN started as a consulting organi- 
zation. in a very real sense BBN hired 
people and told them to go make a living. 
What gets done here, or at least what used 
to get done here, was strongly a function 
of what good people wanted to do. For 
example, there was an Education group 
here, with Wally Feurzeig, when I arrived, 
and there's been one ever since. I encour- 
aged people to do what they wanted to 
do, if they could make money at it (or at 
least not lose too much). It was kind of 
the "let the many flowers grow" philoso- 
phy. Therefore, we have an organization 
in which many people are working on a 
broad range of technologies. BBN is less 
focused than many organizations, and 
while there are negative attributes to lack 
of focus, there is also strength and resil- 
ience in diversity. We have also found that 
it is far easier to move from an existing 
activity to a new one that is "close" in 
some senses, rather than making a large 
jump to a wholly new area. 
Also, BBN is mostly pretty careful about 
who it hires. It tries to hire quite good 
people. It has a strong group of employ- 
ees, and we are fortunate to be located a 
bike ride away from Harvard and a bus- 
ride away from MIT. The turnover has 
been very low in the organizations I su- 
pervise& Many people are still here from 
the time of the ARPANET--McKenzie, 
Walden, Barker, Crowther--and many 
people who leave come back--some- 
times after only a week! 
Q: It sounds like there were lots of 
connections and interactions between 
between ARPA and BBN. 
A: Well, as an example, BBN formed 
Telenet Corporation as a direct outgrowth 
of the ARPANET, and hired Larry Roberts 
from ARPA to run it. Maybe that an ele- 
ment of "the military-industrial complex"! 
Q: But ARPA wasfit so militar3; was it? 
A: Well, it varies. Many parts of ARPA, 
and many people at BBN, have always 
been interested in trying to create dual- 
use systems, and under the Clinton ad- 
ministration dual use is much in vogue. 
Q: What were some other major projects 
at BBN? 
A: Well, there was Prophet, one of our 
longest running contracts. I was involved 
with that in its early years. RS/1  grew 
out of Prophet, and Software Products 
Corporation grew out of RS/1. 
I also believe that BBN (and I) made a 
significant and rather unpublicized con- 
tribution with the Pluribus multiprocessor; 
BBN hasn't received the credit it deserves 
for this. It was built with the goal that it 
was necessary for the ARPANET, but Bob 
Kahn, then at ARPA, realized that it was 
an important technical advance with 
more generic applications than just this 
network application. We didn't get pub- 
lic acclaim [or the multiprocessor revolu- 
tion that is still taking place, but the 
Pluribus was a very important machine. 
Network monitoring and management 
has also been a major activity here. 
Q: Can you describe the evolution of 
BBN's organization, from a single company 
to one with divisions and subsidiaries? 
A: Well, I've managed to survive a surfeit 
of BBN reorganizations, centralizations, 
decentralizations, and recentralizations 
over the years, and I've continued to sup- 
port good people and keep a strong R&D 
group. Conrades and Levy both like to 
quote me as saying that "in a real com- 
pany the product sales support the R&D, 
but in this company the R&D supports 
the product activities." Of course it 
would be nicer if the company could 
send money in the other direction. 
The chief way to keep the R6D part of 
the company healthy is to be able to con- 
tinue to attract quality staff and funding 
for cutting-edge R&D. It's a circlc: good 
people lead to good research funding, 
and good research funding leads to more 
good people being interested in working 
here. A lot of our success with funding 
agencies has been a [unction of the spe- 
cific people we have working here. We 
are one of the few profit-seeking compa- 
nies with ARPA support over the years. 
Q: What's your feeling about BBNg future? 
A: I'm going to hold on to my stock! 
Q: Do you have any concluding remarks 
you'd like to make? 
A: Throughout my career here, the place 
has been the people. BBN has been largely 
successful in selling its R&D because it 
has been successful in finding, retaining, 
stimulating, and supporting very high 
quality people. I've loved working with 
the people here, and I hope to bc able to 
continue my relationship with them.  
Page 6 
------------------------------<page break>-----------------------------
NEARNET Becomes 
Subsidiary of New BBN ISC 
The following article describing NEARNET 
is adapted in part from an article that 
appeared in theJuly/August I994 issue of 
the NSF Network News. 
Foltoxving its August 1994 acquisition of 
the Bay Area Regional Research Network 
(BARRNEV TM) from Stanford University, 
BBN has further secured its position as 
a leading provider of Internet services. 
The acquisition consolidates two of the 
nation's major Internet service providers: 
BBN's NEARNET sM operation, which pro- 
vides Internet access, integration, con- 
sulting, security, and training services 
for organizations in the Northeast, and 
BARRNET, the leading provider of such ser- 
vices in the San Francisco Bay Area. 
BBN has created BBN Internet Services 
Corp. (BBN ISC) to operate the newly 
consolidated companies and aggressively 
expand their geographic coverage both 
within the United States and internation- 
ally. BBN ISC also plans to broaden the 
range of services it offers its customers, 
To maintain the strong local organiza- 
tions that are responsive to customers' 
regional needs, BBN has created two re- 
gional subsidiaries: BBN BARRNET Inc. and 
BBN NEARNET Inc., each of which will 
have its own directors, officers, and staff. 
"This arrangement offers us the checks 
and balances we will need to think 
globally, but act locally," says BBN ISC 
president Dick Edmiston. 
BBN ISC currently has an executive 
search under way for an experienced, 
marketing-oriented CEO, a position cur- 
rently being filled by acting CEO Steve 
Levy. Meanwhile, the entire BBN ISC op- 
eration-including BBN NFARNET'S Net- 
work Operation Center and staff--has 
moved into a new and expanded facility 
at 150 CambridgePark Drive. 
A Brief History of NEARNET 
NEARNET was created by Boston Univer- 
sity, Harvard University, and the Massa- 
chusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) 
in 1989 to support the research and aca- 
demic communities, to strengthen the re- 
gional competitiveness of New England, 
and to meet a growing need for fast, reli- 
able information exchange. BBN has op- 
erated NEARNET since its-inception. 
In June of 1988, James Bruce, vice presi- 
dent for Information Systems at MIT; 
Stephen Hall, director of the Office of 
Information Technology at Harvard; and 
John Porter, Vice Provost for Information 
Technology at Boston University, began 
to discuss linking their three campus 
computer networks together. They were 
approached by Mark Pullen of the De- 
fense Advanced Research Projects Agency 
(DARPA), who requested that the new 
network include Internet access for sev- 
eral local research and development sites 
that were losing their ARPANET connec- 
tivity because of the decommission of 
the ARPANET. 
These companies included BBN, Digital 
Equipment Corporation (DEC), Encore, 
Lincoln Laboratories, MITRE, and Think- 
ing Machines. During this time, many or- 
ganizations losing their ARPANET access 
were migrating to the NSFNET, which 
was designed to provide access to super- 
computer centers through regional com- 
puter networks. These national and local 
events formed the impetus for creating 
the New England Academic and Research 
Network (N,RNET). 
NEARNET'S Member Organizations 
NEARNET currently provides Internet ac- 
cess in Connecticut, Maine, Massachu- 
setts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New 
York, Rhode Island, and Vermont, Its 
membership has diversified over its five- 
year history to include many of New 
England's universities, colleges, technol- 
ogy-based industries and Fortune 100 
corporations, as well as government and 
private agencies. The Boston Globe has 
recently become a NEARNET member, as 
have organizations such as Hewlett- 
Packard, Ziff-Davis Publishing Company 
(through Ziff Information Services), and 
the law firm of Hale and Dorr. 
In response to demand for mission-critical 
Internet services for businesses, BBN re- 
cently expanded NEARNET services to New 
York and northern New Jersey. The ex- 
pansion into New York positions BBN to 
take advantage of the large financial ser- 
(continued on page 8) 
214 
283 
Pge 7 
------------------------------<page break>-----------------------------
(contmued Jrom page 7) 
4ces sector and other opportunities there. 
NaRNET'S member organizations currently 
include over one million people who ac- 
count for approximately 20 percent of the 
total U.S. Internet backbone traffic. 
Technical Support and Client Services 
NEARNET offers its member organizations 
high-quality turnkey services to integrate 
the Internet into their enterprise-wide 
networks. NEARNET also provides ongoing 
user and technical support so that mem- 
bers can get the most from their Internet 
connection. NRNET reaches organizations 
across New England, the New York met- 
ropolitan area, and northern New Jersey 
through established points-of-presence 
(POPs). NXET staff provides technical 
support, consulting, and user information 
services, and maintains a 24~hour-a-da); 
7-day-a-week, state-of-the-art Networks 
Operations Center. Professional staff over- 
see the design, installation, operation, and 
performance of every N\RNET node. 
NEAR.ET'S Training and Seminars 
Since NEARNEI introduced its first user 
seminar in September 1989, thousands 
of participants have attended the annual 
user seminars, mini-seminars, and train- 
ing seminars. The seminars have included 
speakers such as Mitch Kapor, founder 
and chairman of On Technology, Inc., co- 
founder and president of the Electronic 
Frontier Foundation, and founder of the 
Lotus Development Corporation, and 
Tracy LaQuey Parkerseducation devel- 
opment manager at Cisco Systems, Inc. 
and author of the bestseller, The Internet 
Companion: A Beginners' Guide to Global 
Networking Internet Training. 
In response to the overwhelming requests 
from the Internet community for more 
Internet-specific training, BBN has 
created an Internet Training Group. In 
conjunction with the NEARNEI staff, the 
Training Group has begun offering train- 
ing courses to the general public. (To find 
out more about BBN's internet Training 
Courses, please send eraall to: net- 
train@bbn. com or call 617-873-3282.) 
NEARNET'S K-12 Activities 
An important part of NEARNET'S mission 
is to provide Internet services [or the 
kindergarten through twelfth grade (K- 
12) educational community. NEARNEI 
currently allows its members to provide 
guest accounts to the K-12 community. 
This arrangement enables members 
working on K-12 projects in their com- 
munities or supporting K-12 organiza- 
tions through partnership programs to 
provide access to the Intcrnet. Further- 
more, NE^RNEI has made arrangements 
with member university systems to have 
those members provide K-12 access for 
statewide projects. For example, the Uni- 
versity of New Hampshire (UNH) allows 
K-12 teachers participating in tle New 
Hampshire State project to access the 
Internet through UNH. 
NE^RNET also connects K-12 organizations 
directly. Several schools are currently 
connected to NE^RNE as part of Phase 
One of the National Science Foundation's 
National School Network Testbed project. 
NEARNEI donated communications equip- 
ment and created special membership 
arrangements, with reduced fees, [or this 
project. NEARNEI also provides network 
connection [or schools as part of The 
Co-NECT School project, funded by the 
New American Schools Development 
Corporation, a nonpro[it corporation 
established by American corporations 
and foundations to support innovative 
designs for American schools.  
Affirmative Action at BBN 
BBN is working actively on enhancing its 
affirmative action programs, encouraging 
diversit}; and making more opportunities 
available for women and minorities at the 
company The Human Resources staff 
want to keep people informed of BBN's 
current activities and efforts in this area. 
Chris Lanelone, the Human Resources 
Representative for the Corporate Services 
Division, prepares the affirmative action 
plan for BBN. She coordinates BBN's af- 
firma five action efforts, and compiles 
and analyzes statistical data about appli- 
cant flow--whom we interview, hire, and 
promote. On the basis of this informa- 
Page 8 
tion BBN outlines its affirmative action 
plans for each upcoming year. 
Chris explains that we have always done 
this kind of analysis to comply with fed- 
eral requirements, but at the request of 
BBN President and CEO George Conrades, 
the company is making affirmative action 
a heightened priority "Our overarching 
concern is to be sure that we are as di- 
verse as we need to be, and to provide 
for the development of all our employees 
and ensure their ability to contribute to 
the company. We need to take action on 
several fronts, one of which is affirmative 
action," says Conrades. 
Chris notes that we are working not just 
on recruitment of minorities and women, 
but also on leadership training and profes- 
sional development for staff. "We are 
making an ongoing effort to give women 
and minorities the training they need to 
move into senior management and tech- 
nical roles," she says. Three major areas of 
recent af[irnmtive action activities at BBN 
have been in college relations, internships 
for high school and college students, and 
identifying appropriate leadership and 
professional development programs for 
BBN staff. 
College Relations 
In working to establish relations with 
colleges, BBN has sent representatives to 
recruit and to develop a presence at sev- 
eral of the historically black colleges, 
------------------------------<page break>-----------------------------
qcluding Hampton Institute, Howard 
Oniversit); Morehouse College, Morgan 
State College, and Spehnan College. 
One project that has grown out of the 
college relations effort is Tom Blackadar's 
work with Morehouse College, a pre- 
dominantly black, all-male, four-year 
liberal arts college located in Atlanta, GA. 
Tom, who is manager of the Systems and 
Technologies Division's Hardware Devel- 
opment and Manufacturing Department, 
knew that Boeing Computer Corporation 
in Seattle had donated to Morehouse one 
of BBN's GP1000 TM parallel processing 
computers, and he offered to set it up for 
them. In January 1994, the chairman of 
the computer science department at 
Morehouse told Tom they were ready to 
set up the GP1000. 
After attending a BBN meeting at which 
Conrades emphasized the importance of 
making connections with minority col- 
leges, Tom visited Morehouse to help 
them get their machine going. When he 
:x-ned that the GP1000 will become one 
,J! their primary machines for teaching 
parallel processor programming, he of- 
fered to have BBN help Morehouse set up 
an educational consortium with about 
twenty other schools using these ma- 
chines. BBN is now working on this 
project, as well as offering faculty train- 
ing courses on parallel processing at 
Morehouse. 
While at Morehouse, Tom learned that 
the college is committed to community 
involvement and to working with public 
schools. They expressed interest in talk- 
ing with members of BBNk Educational 
Technologies Department about their 
K- 12 educational activities. 
BBN has also been invited to help More- 
house write grant proposals and to part- 
ner with them on some of their projects. 
BBN's training programs and their help 
with the computer and parallel comput- 
ing consortium will contribute to the 
'ncation of students who may eventu- 
, want to work at BBN, and their train- 
ing may make them 
stronger candidates. 
In all these ways, the 
relationship may 
prove fruitful to both 
BBN and Morehouse. 
Internships 
In his discussions of 
affirmative action, 
Conrades has par- 
ticutarly stressed the 
importance of reach- 
ing people early and 
working with them until they are ready 
to join BBN. The company participated 
in several internship programs this sum- 
ruer. The Human Resources group worked 
with the Teen Work Program, sponsored 
by Just-a-Start Corporation, to bring in 
summer interns from Cambridge. Just-a- 
Start works with Cambridge Rindge and 
Latin School and others, supporting 
community programs and arranging for 
hiring minority summer intern students. 
This summer BBN hired ten interns, 
seven of whom are minorities. 
Aqualyn Laury, a recent graduate of 
Spelman College, a predominantly black, 
all-female four-year liberal arts college in 
Atlanta, worked as an intern in the Edu- 
cational Technologies Department this 
summer. Aqualyn learned about BBN 
from George Conrades, whom she met at 
a conference at Spelman. She majored in 
mathematics, and she discovered that he 
too had been a math major as an under- 
graduate. When she told him she was in- 
terested in applied math and was looking 
[or opportunities in business, he men- 
tioned several possible opportunities to 
explore on the east coast, including BBN. 
Aqualyn took an internship working 
with Bruce Goldberg and Ginny Warn 
on the Co-NECT project. (Co-NECT is 
a project funded by the New American 
Schools Development Corporation, a 
nonprofit corporation founded by 
American corporations and foundations 
Ginny Warn and Aqualyn Laury at work on a math resorate guide. 
to support innovative designs for public 
schools.) This summer she worked on a 
math resource guide for teachers in the 
Co-NECT schools, and she has reccntly 
accepted a full-time position with the 
Co-NECT group. 
Aqualyn, who comes from San Antonio, 
TX and had never been to thc northeast 
before this summer, says, "the Education 
group at BBN is very nurturing. They're 
open and accepting of lots of different 
ideas." Of her educational experience at 
Spdman College, she COlnlnents, "There 
were so many black female role models. 
it provided a great support group." 
Aqualyn is interested in learning as much 
as she can at BBN. 
Leadership and Management Training 
Along with minorit), recruiting and stu- 
dent internships, BBN must address tea&r- 
ship training and leadership development, 
providing ways for its employees to grow 
and advance within the company. "We 
know we have to work on this issue," says 
Conrades. "It's important [or BBN to be in 
balance with the larger society and reflec- 
tive of it, and for us to work on develop- 
ing everyone to their full potential. We 
must do this if we want to remain an at- 
tractive organization to potential employ- 
ecs as well as potential clients. 
"We are fortunate to be able to turn to 
kucie Fieldstad, who was recently ap- 
pointed to BBN's board of directors. We'll 
(continued on page 1 O) 
Page 9 
------------------------------<page break>-----------------------------
(continued from page 9) 
benefit from her extensive marketing and 
business development experience in in- 
ternetworking and multimedia-based ap- 
plications, areas of great importance to 
BBN's future. We'll also benefit from her 
insight and guidance as we work on the 
issue of developing women and minori- 
ties to assume more senior positions." 
As one step in this direction, Don Batsford 
of Human Resources is developing a pro- 
gram that will identify the training needs 
of BBN through one-on-one interviews, 
focus groups, and surveys. This will pro- 
vide the basis [or a training program 
designed to promote and value diversity 
within our workforce, offering the lead- 
ership tools for our employees to be 
successful as they grow with BBN. In 
addition, the training group will serve as 
consultants and advisors, researching 
and recommending appropriate courses 
and programs to meet specialized train- 
ing requirements. 
A New Way of Thinking 
Steve Heinrich, Vice President of Human 
Resources and BBN's director of Equal 
Employment Opportunity programs, says, 
"Naturally things won't change overnight, 
but we've opened the doors to a new way 
of thinking at BBN. For example, wc are 
now targeting a broader cross section of 
colleges to provide a greater number of 
highly qualified minority and female 
candidates." 
"The commitment is now here to change 
the mix at BBN to reflect more accurately 
the society at large," Steve says. "We will 
be seeing additional emphasis placed on 
each manager's commitment to affirma- 
tive action for women and minorities. 
The changes will be gradual, but we are 
trying to build a foundation for some- 
thing that will be self-sustaining."  
Voice Commands for 
Traffic Information 
You may be one of the ten thousand 
travelers a day who call 374-1234, 
SmartRoute Systems' SmarTraveler 
phone-in service for up-to-the-minute 
traffic information on your commuting 
route to or from work. If so, you'll be 
interested to know that BBN has added 
a new experimental feature to the sys- 
tem that eliminates the usual keypad 
interface for specifying your route. 
Now, thanks to an integration of the 
BBN Hark TM speech recognizer with the 
SmarTraveter audiotex system, you can 
speak your route and get real-time trav- 
eler information. 
This is the first speech recognition appli- 
cation for any federally sponsored Intelli- 
gent Vehicle Highways Systems (IVHS) 
Operational Test. IVHS is sponsored by 
the Federal Highway Administration and 
is aimed at reducing congestion, reduc- 
ing the environmental impact of highway 
vehicles, and increasing safety. IVHS is 
an emerging industry with projected 
sales in the public and private sectors of 
more than $200B over the next 15 years. 
More than half of that total is expected to 
be in areas related to Advanced Traveler 
Information Systems (ATIS), aimed spe- 
cifically at reducing congestion. A key 
ATIS service is providing detailed traffic 
information on demand. 
Teaming with Cambridge-based 
SmartRoute Systems, BBN's Sensor 
Systems Technologies (SST) and Human- 
Computer Cottaborative Systems busi- 
ness units configured a phone access 
demonstration system based on BBN's 
Hark recognizer. Key BBN technical 
contributors include Greg Duckworth, 
Scott Carlson, Kristin Kupres, and 
Bruce Papazian. Said Jack Heine, SST 
Manager of Business Development, 
"Voice recognition as an alternative to 
telephone touch tones and kiosk key- 
boards has tremendous potential for 
IVHS traveler information systems. We 
needed a real-time demonstration we 
could access from everywhere in the 
country to get customers' attention, and 
the SmarTraveler system was a perfect 
opportunity." 
To access the touch-tone version of 
SmarTraveler, users dial 374-1234 and 
follow instructions to use touchtones to 
get up-to-the-minute traffic information 
for a specific route. For example, they 
can press 2 followed by the star key to 
get traveler information for Route 2, the 
Fresh Pond Parkway, and Storrow Drive. 
On a typical day, SmarTraveler fields 
10,000 calls and has had as many as 
18,000 calls on days with poor weather. 
Drawbacks to the current touchtone 
interface are that the number of routes 
that can be accessed must be limited, so 
that each route must cover a number of 
route sections, and that a driver must 
divert attention to the phone keypad to 
get information while en route. 
The BBN speech recognizer prompts the 
user to speak a route request and will 
recognize a specific route section, such 
as "Fresh Pond Parkway," without re- 
quiring the driver to understand or ac- 
cess the higher level route architecture. 
Duckworth, the Systems Engineer for 
this project, sees this as a promising op- 
portunity to interest cellular telephone 
companies, which now provide the 
SmarTraveler service to their customers, 
in supporting development of an 
expanded multi-line capability using 
multiple recognizers. 
(continued on page 12) 
Page 10 
------------------------------<page break>-----------------------------
Employee Anniversaries 
 The following list includes anniversaries 
that have occurred from May 1994 through 
October 1994. 
35 Years 
Preston Smith [ Edward Starr 
30 Years 
Douglas Steele 
25 Years 
Howard Briscoe Anthony Michel 
20 Years 
Michael Beelet Richard Pew 
Bill Huggins Elaine Spiro 
Biagio Mitrano Norman Westlake 
Rafal Mlawski 
15 Years 
Hank Baig Michael Krasner 
Carl Cascio Carol Luddecke 
Ruth Chatterton Elizabeth O'Neil 
Brian Donahue Edward Tkachuk 
Paul Horwitz Mark Whitney 
10 Years 
Justin Aborn John Lowry 
Josefa Alvafez Leslie Madden 
Robert Bartlett Robert Masters 
Edgar Burkett John Miner 
Ihomas Caldem'ood Priscilla Molea 
Frank Cardillicchio John Montjoy 
Rosemary Carter John Oliveira 
Alan Dahlbom Barbara Reisdorf 
Jeffrey Davis Michael Reynolds* 
Heidi Dempsey Richard Rourke 
Robert Fields Kenneth Schroder 
Jurgen Georgs* Varda Shaked 
Griffith Harrison Ronald Singleton 
David Johnston Kathleen Sullivan 
Kathy Kerby Julie Tiao* 
Francis Kubala Edward Vaccam 
Donnalee Lane Ralph Weischedd 
Kenneth Likis Theresa Whitestone 
Martha Lillie John Wiggins* 
Susan LoPrete Robert Willis 
5 Years 
Steven Avruch 
Dennis Berry 
Roy Booth 
Steven Vanden 
Bosch 
Kathryn Brennan 
Maeve Brennan 
Brian Brock 
Gregory Brown* 
Isidro Castineyra 
Ana Cecilio 
Martin Clark 
William Coney 
Michael Corcoran 
Therese Cwikla 
Tony Davis 
Leo Dopson 
Joseph Dow 
Beverly Duquette 
John Eldridge 
Peter Farina 
Thomas Finn 
Christina Fulkerson 
Mary Galluzzo 
Lisa Giberti 
Virginia 
Gosdanian* 
Jeffrey Granger 
William Harris 
Kathleen Heidt 
Leianne Imaoka 
Makiko Kamamoto 
Theodore Kral 
Heather Lamarre 
Anne Leaman 
Vinh Luong 
Richard Lyons 
Robin Martin 
Markutter 
Mcintosh 
Jonathan 
McLaughlin 
--Charles Miksis 
Joseph Musacchia 
Patricia O'Donnell 
Anthony Palazola 
Rose Marie Pascale 
Terese Patterson 
Paul Placeway 
Kelly Pollsson 
John Price 
Kristin Ragucci 
Catherine Rocchio 
Ira Scharf 
Beverly Schwartz 
Harold Shallman 
Lisa Sebelt 
Laura Silvafi-Fidell 
Janine Silver 
Man-Hung Siu 
Karen Sivret 
Valerie Smith 
Lenore Gauthier 
Smith 
Vik Solera 
Donald Sutton 
Barbara Taylor 
Elizabeth 
Thoenen* 
Gary Torressen 
David Trasatti 
Irene Walborsky 
Guyton Watkins* 
Jane Wojcik 
Clivc Wilmot 
Jeffrey Zuccaro 
*Denotes LghtStrcam employee 
Ungar Receives Gold Medal 
from ASM E 
Eric Ungar, a Chief Engineer at BBN 
and member of the Physical Scienses 
Business Unit of BBN Systems and 
Technologies, has been selected by 
the America[ Society of Mechanical 
Engineers (ASME) to receive the 1994 
Per Bruel Gold Medal for Noise Control 
and Acoustics. 
The Per Bruel Gold Medal, the preemi- 
nent medal awarded by ASME's Noise 
Control and Acoustics Division, is "for 
fundamental contributions to noise and 
vibration control engineering involving 
structural damping, vibration isolation, 
and vibrations of complex structures, as 
applied to aerospace vehicles, ships, ma- 
chinery, and buildings." Formal presen- 
tation of the medal will take place at the 
President's Luncheon during the Winter 
Annual Meeting of ASME November 
1994, in Chicago, IL.  
Papers and Publications 
Charlie Berger, Bob Blauth, Reinhart 
Richter, and Dave Walden from BBN 
contributed to a special issue of The 
Center for Quality Management Journal, 
vol.2, no. 4, Fall 1993. They are among 
the authors of a paper entitled "Kano's 
Methods of Undcrstanding Customer- 
Defined Quality." 
A paper by Dave Walden, "Thoughts on 
Goals and Metrics," will appear in Thc 
Center for Quality Management Journal, 
vol.3, no. 1, Winter 1994, pp. 33-38.  
Page 11 
------------------------------<page break>-----------------------------
New Principal and Division 
Scientists and Engineers 
The Science Development Program 
recognizes the outstanding technical 
accomplishments of some of BBN's staff 
members by promoting them to the po- 
sitions of Chief, Principal, and Division 
Scientist. Brief biographies of this year's 
appointees follow. 
New Principal Scientists 
Greg Duckworth earned an Sc.D. degree 
in 1983 in electrical engineering and 
oceanographic engineering from the 
Joint Program of MIT and the Woods 
Hole Oceanographic Institution. In 
1987, Dr. Duckworth joined BBN's Un- 
derwater Technologies Division and is 
currently in the Acoustic Sciences and 
Technologies Group. His primary focus 
has been on the physical analysis of 
underwater and noise-control acoustics 
problems and the design and develop- 
ment of data acquisition, signal process- 
ing, and control systems for application 
to these areas. Dr. Duckworth has re- 
cently provided technical leadership for 
the measurement of the scattering of 
low-frequency underwater sound inci- 
dents at the arctic ice canopy, and he 
has been involved with developing a 
high-precision-modal and multiple- 
sensor-location measurement systems 
[or a Navy test facility. 
Paul Horwitz received a Ph.D. in phys- 
ics from New York University in 1967. 
At BBN he works in the Educational 
Technologies Department, developing 
new computer-based instructional tech- 
niques for physics and mathematics. Dr. 
Horwitz was a principal investigator of 
the National Science Foundation-funded 
ThinkerToots Project, which has a 
curriculum and associated software to 
teach NewtonJan physics to sixth-grade 
students. He developed the award-win- 
ning RelLab system for teaching Special 
Relativity to high-school and college 
students. He is currently principal 
investigator for a project exploring 
students' difficulties in understanding 
genetics. This project is producing a 
program called GenSe6pe, an open- 
ended, computer-based, exploratory 
tool that presents the complex processes 
of genetics visually and dynamically and 
makes explicit the causal connections 
and interactions among them. 
Ralph Weischedel received a Ph.D. in 
computer science from the University of 
Pennsylvania in 1975. Before coming to 
BBN in 1984, he was a professor of 
computer science for nine years. His 
research interests are in artificial intelli- 
gence, and, more particularly, natural 
language processing and knowledge rep- 
resentation. Dr. Weischedel is currently 
the principal investigator for three con- 
tracts from ARPA: "Research in Auto- 
mated Document Processing--TIPSTER 
Text Phase II," "Language Modelling for 
Text Understanding," and "HOOKAH." 
These contracts employ the use of proba- 
bilistic algorithms and learning algo- 
rithms in linguistically motivated models 
of natural language text. The goal of the 
approach is to process free text, such as 
newswire and technical abstracts, to up- 
date a database automatically. 
New Division Scientists 
Ron Coleman received a Ph.D. in me- 
chanical engineering from North Caro- 
lina State University in 1984. He joined 
BBN's Applied Physics Department in 
1985 and has led several projects in the 
field of active noise and vibration con- 
trol. For the past five years, he has been 
the project manager and lead designer 
for BBN's development of the Advanced 
Vibration Reducer (AVR). Dr. Coleman 
is currently managing the development 
of control algorithms for the General- 
Purpose Noise-Cancellation Processor 
(QuietChip). 
Henry Olds earned an Ed.D. in children's 
language development from Harvard 
University in 1968 and joined BBN's 
Educational Technologies Department 
in 1991. He is co-director of the 
Co-NECT project, for which BBN is 
using modern technology of many 
kinds--computers and software tools, 
telephones, fax machines, video and 
teleconferencing, and local area net- 
works--to create a new approach to 
education. Dr. Olds is also co-principal 
investigator of a new Teacher Enhance- 
ment project funded by the National 
Science Foundation to create "The 
Mathematical Inquiry Videotapes: Tools 
for Professional Growth."  
Voice Commands 
(continued fi'om page 1 O) 
The current interface has been pilot 
tested by a group of SmartRoute and 
BBN employees. For the pilot test all 
calls are recorded and digitally stored 
on disk for a subsequent Human Fac- 
tors analysis. BBN is creating a database 
and maintaining a tog of system outputs, 
which will be reviewed periodically to 
assess the system's effectiveness. The 
system's vocabulary will be expanded to 
new route segments based on results of 
the assessment. 
SmartRoute Systems is very enthusiastic 
about BBN's speech recognizer. David 
Stein, Executive Vice President at 
SmartRoutes, says that his company is 
"ecstatic about the prospects for a voice 
recognition traffic information system. 
We think it will be a big enhancement 
to our product and will meet with ex- 
treme favor among federal highway 
officials because it enhances safety and 
accessibility to traffic information." 
BBN staff are invited to participate in 
the voice recognition trial by calling 
494-9425.  
Page 12 
------------------------------<page break>-----------------------------
1993 SDP Publications and 
Patent Awards 
In October 1992, BBN's Science Develop- 
ment Progrmn (SDP), which promotes 
scientific and professional staff develop- 
ment at BBN, established a company- 
wide incentive program that encourages 
staff to publish technical artictcs and 
books as well as file patent applications. 
Publications Awards 
This year the Publications and Patents 
Awards Committee, chaired by John 
Makhoul, gave cash awards for 15 publi- 
cations written by the following staff 
members: Marilyn Adams, Madeleine 
Bates, Rusty Bobrow, Lyman Chapin, 
Herb Gish. Paul Horwitz, Gregor}, 
McDaniet, Craig Partridge, Subramanian 
Ramanathan, Bruce Rob-rts, Robin 
Rohlicek, Richard Schwartz, Larry Sher, 
Martha Steenstrup, Ralph Weischedet, 
and Ying Zhao. 
Patents Awards 
The committee gave cash awards for five 
patent applications submitted by the fol- 
lowing staff: David Getty, Herb Gish, Bill 
Huggins, Philippe Jeanrenaud, Richard 
Madden, John McDonough, Kenny Ng, 
Long Nguyen, Robin Rohlicek, Richard 
Schwartz. and Istvan Vcr. 
Outstanding Publication Awards 
The SDP has also established the Out- 
standing Publication Award, for publica- 
tions that have appeared m print and 
that a committee of senior staff have 
judged to be of high qualit},: The winners 
of the I994 awards were Bruce Roberts, 
for a paper in the area of computer and 
comnmnication sciences, and two young 
authors, Subrananian P, amanathan and 
Gregory McDaniel.  
BBN Reports 
BBN Report No. 7842B, Encryption of 
Asynchronous Circuits Using the KG- 
84A, Norman Westlake 
BBN Report No. 7920, Advanced Net- 
work Management (ANM): User's Guide 
for ANM Release 5.43, BBN Network 
Services 
BBN Report No. 7921, Advanced Net- 
work Management (ANM): Installation 
Guide for ANM release 5.4, David 
Waltzman 
BBN Report No. 7941, Development of 
Instrument Approach Plate Display 
Technology to Support the Management 
of Approach Plate Information Study 
(MAPLIST), Nichael Cramer and Carl 
E. Feehrer 
BBN Report No. 7961, Research, Devel- 
opment, Training and Evaluation Sup- 
port (RDT&E), Williron J. Saher 
BBN Report No. 7967, Reciprocity- 
based Experimental Determination of 
Dynamic Forces and Moments: A Feasi- 
bility Study, Istvan Vet 
BBN Report No. 7979, Research, Devel- 
opment, Training and Evaluation Sup- 
port (RDT&E), William 5aher, Mark 
Burstein, and David Getty 
BBN Report No. 7980, Evaluation of 
Subscriber-based Cost Recovery Model 
for NIHnet, Cynthia Mills 
BBN Report No. 7982, Configuration of 
the OCONUS Bulk Modems for DDN 
Applications, Norman Westlake 
BBN Report No. 7983, Toward a Meth- 
odology for Defining Situation Aware- 
ness Requirements--A Progress Report, 
Stephen E. Deutsch, Richard XV Pew, 
William Rogers, and Yvette J. Tenney 
BBN Report No. 7990. Effects of Sinre- 
lated Sonic Booms on the Hatchability 
of White Leghorn Chicken Eggs, Mat- 
thew Sneddon 
BBN Report No. 7996, Requirements for 
the Operator's Assistant, Elizabeth 
Montanye 
BBN Report No. 7998, Internet Traffic 
and Connection Analysis, Karen 
Mclthenny 
BBN Rcport No. 8000, MTAC Through- 
put Investigation, Mar}, Akers 
BBN Report No. 8002B, Integrated High 
Performance Distributed System Soft- 
ware Design Document, Edward E 
Walker 
BBN Report No. 8004, Integrated High 
Performance Distributed System Soft- 
ware User's Manual, Christopher Barber 
BBN Report No. 8005, Integrated High 
Performance Distributed System Soft- 
ware Operator's Manual, Christopher 
Barber 
BBN Report No. 8008, Real-time Data 
Analysis and Acquisition Systems Soft- 
ware Design Document (and Appendi- 
ces), Nancy Aramaki 
Page 1.3 
------------------------------<page break>-----------------------------
BBN 
BBN Names Fjeldstad to Board 
In August, BBN appointed LucieJ. Fjeld- 
stad to the board of directors, filling a 
vacancy created by the departure of John 
^. Gilmanin, who resigned to concen- 
trate on other responsibilities. Fjeldstad 
is president and CEO of Fieldstad Inter- 
national, an independent consulting 
group that advises corporate clients in 
the computing, telecommunications, me- 
dia/entertainment, and consumer elec- 
tronics industries. 
A veteran executive with more than 25 
years' experience at IBM, Fieldstad was 
also instrumental in negotiating strategic 
alliances for multimedia, creating inde- 
pendent business subsidiaries, and estab- 
lishing the company's Internet strategy. 
BBN STD 
BBN Introduces an Internet Server 
for School Networks 
In June, BBN Systems and Technologies 
unveiled the BBN Internet Server TM, an 
Internet server [or school networks that 
is a complete, easy-to-use, }mrdwam and 
software package. This meets the current 
demand for Internet access in K-12 schools 
due to current educational reforms. 
The product provides a full4eatured, 
UNIX-based Internet server that teachers 
and students can use to construct and 
manage their own network resources 
from their desktop computers. The server 
supports a range of Internet services, and 
BBN offers any consulting and training 
that the schools may need in site prepa- 
ration, establishing a full connection to 
an Internet service provider, configuring 
personal computers to interact with the 
Internet, managing the server, construct- 
ing information resources on it, and 
planning end-user training. 
The BBN Internet Server grew out of two 
years of research and development within 
the National School Network Testbed, 
a partnership funded in part by the Na- 
tional Science Foundation to develop 
and better understand technologies that 
will support universal participation in 
the National Information Infrastructure. 
BBN's TotalView TM Multiprocess 
Debugger Available for the Alpha 
AXP Workstation 
TotalViewm--BBN's fast, easy-to-use 
source-level debugger--is available for 
Digital Equipment Corporation's Alpha 
AXP RISC workstation running the OSF/1 
operating system. With TotalView soft- 
ware, programmers can view and debug 
all aspects of their applications--source, 
variables, and multiple processes--si- 
multaneously. They can debug applica- 
tions that run on multiple workstations, 
making network distributed debugging a 
reality. 
TotalView has a point-and-click interface, 
on-line help, and easy menus. It provides 
source-level debugging for C, C++, and 
FORTRAN as well as support for assem- 
bly and mixed source/assembler debug- 
ging. TotalView software requires no 
special make files and imposes no re- 
strictions on code or symbol table size. 
BBN Internet Services 
Corporation (BBN ISC) 
Recently BBN ISC has expanded its 
NEARNET Internet services to the New 
York metropolitan area, lowered their 
prices, acquired the Bay Area Regional 
Research Network (BARRNET), and cre- 
ated a training group (see related stop,,, 
on NEARNET, p. 7). 
Expansion to New York 
BBN ISC has expanded its NEARNET Inter- 
net services to the New York and north- 
ern New jersey metropolitan area. There, 
the financial services and publishing in- 
dustries traditionally have been reluctant 
to join the Internet commumty because 
of fears about security and reliability of 
service. BBN ISCs custom security ser- 
vices and reliable support should go a 
long way toward convincing them that 
their internal networks can remain se- 
cure. BBN ISC has also reduced its prices 
for its Internet services, in a bid for even 
greater market share. 
BARRNET Acquisition Merges Internet 
Services on Two Coasts 
BBN has recently acquired tile Bay Area 
Regional Research Network (BARIiNET) 
from Stanford. which has served since 
1986 as the principal Internet service 
provider in the San Francisco Bay area. 
BBN's extensive NEARNET service offerings 
and 25 years' experience with network 
technology were cited as key factors in 
Stanford's decision to sell BARRNET tO BBN. 
BARRNET provides Internet access to more 
than 200 leading San Francisco Bay Area 
businesses and research, universits; and 
medical facilities, including Apple Com- 
puter, Hewlett-Packard, the NASA Ames 
Research Center, four University of 
California campuses, and Stanford itself. 
BARRNET also is a key part of the "Com- 
mercenet" project, under which tile fed- 
eral and state governments have proreded 
an $8-mitlion grant to help Bay area busi- 
nesses make commercial use of the Infor- 
mation Superhighway. 
On the East Coast, NEARNET clients in- 
elude corporations such as Polaroid, 
Raytheon, and Lotus, as well as medical 
facilities such as Massachusetts General 
Hospital, Beth Israel Hospital, and the 
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute. Harvard, 
M1T, Boston University, Yale, and Dart- 
mouth also use Nearnet to access the 
Internet. 
New Training Group/Services 
The BBN ISC Internet Training Group 
offers a full range of Internet training 
courses to help organizations make stra- 
Page14 
------------------------------<page break>-----------------------------
tegic business use of the Internet. The 
curriculum is open to the public, and 
provides a key service for organizations 
wanting to maximize their existing Inter- 
net investments. It also makes BBN ISC 
the most complete Internet service pro- 
vider, with programs ranging from net- 
work consulting and integration to 
Internet access services to business and 
technical training. The BBN ISC Internet 
Training Group's curriculum develop- 
ment team includes Mary Cronin, author 
of the best-selling book Doing Business 
on the lntcrnet. 
BBN SPC 
BBN Names John Kish Head of SPC 
In June, BBN Software Products Corpo- 
ration got a new president and CEO in 
John T. Kish, who also will serve on its 
board of directors. He has also been 
elected a vice president of BBN. Kish 
comes from Oracle Corporation, where 
',e served as the vice president, Desktop 
.;ivision, and most recently as the senior 
vice president, Business Development. 
There he was instrumental in creating 
strategic development and marketing 
partnerships with companies such as 
Apple, British Telecom, Microsoft, Novell, 
IBM, and Lotus, as well as strategic 
alliances with Bell Atlantic and US West. 
The addition of John Kish supports 
BBN's overall strategy to enhance and 
expand worldwide sales and marketing 
capabilities. 
RS/1 Release 5.0 Enhances 
External Interface 
In September, BBN Software Products an- 
nounced significant enhancements to its 
RS/1  data-analysis software to improve 
integration with other applications and 
data sources in a networked computing 
environment. The new Interprocess 
Communications Interface enables the 
exchange of commands, control, and 
data between RS-based applications and 
other external applications on remote 
and local computers. This new function- 
ality facilitates RS/t integration within a 
heterogeneous computing environment. 
RS/1 is one of the most widely used data 
analysis software packages in manufactur- 
ing, engineering and research. RS/1 pro- 
vides statistical and analytic functionalit)' 
needed by technical professionals to solve 
data driven problems. RS/I's unique flex- 
ibility and extensibility lets users develop 
and share customized solutions across 
multiple computing environments. 
MicroNova electronic GmbH 
to Distribute BBN/Probe 
Data Analysis Software 
MicroNova electronic GmbH will distrib- 
ute BBN/Probe TM in Germany, Austria, 
and Switzerland. (The BBN/Probe group 
has recently moved from BBN STD to 
BBN SPC.) The German company is the 
first of several distributors expected to 
sell the BBN/Probe product line interna- 
tionally. BBN/Probe is the leading time- 
series, visual data analysis software for 
engineering data applications. 
In addition to direct sales and system 
integration, MicroNova will provide 
BBN/Probe software customers in the 
German region with hot-line support, 
application consulting, and educational 
services, In addition, BBN's current 
German customers will benefit from 
MicroNova's experience and capabilities. 
LightStream 
LightStream CEO Appointed 
Vice President of BBN 
BBN's board of directors elected 
LightStream CEO Jonathan Crane a vice 
president of the cornpan); making all 
presidents of BBN's operating units 
company vice presidents. Crane, who 
was appointed president and CEO of 
LightStream Corporation--BBN's Asyn- 
chronous Transfer Mode (ATM) net- 
working subsidiary--in February 1994, 
will continue in that capacit 5 Hc bas 
stated that one of his major goals is to 
make LightStream a leader in ATM switch 
technology and customer scrvice (see 
profile in the May 1994 Digest issue). 
Already this year the company has sold 
seven of its LightStream TM 2010 Enter- 
prise ATM switches to Continental 
Cablevision's New England dMsion, en- 
tered into a distribution agreement with 
Japan's NEC Corporation, and signed a 
technology licensing agreement with 
Tellabs Operations, Inc., a voice and data 
equipment manufacturer, to jointly de- 
velop and distribute ATM switching sys- 
tems in the information-services market. 
LightStream, BBN, and NEC to 
Expand ATM Relationship 
BBN will enter a broad-based relationship 
to jointly develop nmltiplexing products 
based on Asynchronous Transfer Mode 
technology with NEC Corporation and 
LightStream. NEC and LightStream plan 
to jointly develop an ATM-based multi- 
plexing system. The partners expect the 
new multiplexing system to be used at 
the core of new multimedia networks. 
This agreement builds upon previously 
established relationships among NEC, 
BBN, and LightStream. 
Currently, NEC is reselling the 
LightStream rM 2010 ATM platform in 
Japan while LightStream resdis BBN's 
T/10 TM Integrated Access Device. NEC 
and BBN arc also considering expanding 
their current relationship to include joint 
product development in other areas.  
Page 15 
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Julie Donahue Named CEO of New BBN HARK Systems Corporation 
On October 17, 1994, BBN announced 
thc establishment of BBN HARK Systems 
Corporation, a new subsidiar); and 
named Julie Donahue as its chief execu- 
tive officer. The new unit will develop 
and sell BBN's HARK TM line of speech 
recognition products. Donahue was also 
named to the board of directors of the 
subsidiary. 
Donahue, age 35, was most recently 
president and chief operating officer of 
Voice Processing Corporation, where she 
was responsible for establishing numeb 
ous OEM agreements and for creating 
partnerships with such major desktop 
application companies as Microsoft, 
WordPerfect, Lotus, and Borland. 
In her previous position, she was a se- 
nior vice president at Dun & Bradstreet 
Software, responsible for strategic plan- 
ning, mergers and acquisitions, market- 
ing, and channel development. She 
negotiated key business partnerships 
with such companies as Microsoft, 
Powersoft, Hewlett-Packard, and Sybase. 
She has also held management positions 
at Cullinet Software and Motorola/Four 
Phase Systems. Donahue received a B.S. 
from the Universit), of Pennsylvama and 
an MBA from the Wharton School of 
Business Administration. 
"I am very excited tojoin the BBN family 
of companies," said Donahue. "BBN 
helped create the field of computer speech 
recognition. BBN's large-vocabulary, 
speaker-independent, continuous speech 
technology is the class of the field. I also 
see tremendous potential in collaborating 
with the other BBN business units, with 
their leadership in computer networking 
and distributed applications, to provide 
powerful solutions for customer needs. 
"Our goal is to drive the mainstream 
adoption of speech recognition among 
users in telephony and desktop environ- 
ments, through increased ease of use, 
higher quality, and flexible application 
development. HARK's new Release 2.0 
makes new categories of form-filling and 
information retrieval applications pos- 
sible for the first time, including the 
exciting new growth area of computer- 
telephony integration." 
Of the new subsidiary, BBN President 
and CEO George Conrades said, ;'We are 
delighted to announce the formation of 
BBN HARK Systems Corporation with 
Julie Donahue as its CEO. Wc believe 
that speech recognition will become a 
very important interface between people 
and computers in the next few years. 
BBN researchers have spent two decades 
developing outstanding speech technol- 
ogy for government customers. With 
Julie Donahueg extraordinary business 
development skills and her knowledge of 
the industry, we intend to convert our 
technology leadership into commercial 
market success." 
Among the customers for the new subsid- 
iary's HARK speech recognition products 
are: Thomas Cook Travel, Bellcore, Booz 
Allen Hamilton, Lawrence Livermore 
Labs, koral Federal Systems Cornpan); 
Lockheed Sanders, Magnavox, Motorola, 
Reuters, Speechcraft. Inc., Sun Micro- 
systems, UFA, Inc., Umecorp, and Volt 
Delta Resources. 
An interview with Donahue will appear 
in a future issue of the BBN Digest.  
BBN Digest 
The BBN Digest includes news from all divisions and subsidiaries of BBN, as well as 
corporate news. We welcome your suggestions and contributions. Please send 
photographs, news items, and suggestions for articles to Deborah Melone, by 
interoffice mail to Mail Stop 6/6a or by electronic mail to dindone. Photographs can 
be in the form of negatives, black &z white or color prints, or slides. 
This newsletter is published for BBN employees. We must be careful to avoid print- 
ing items of proprietary interest either to BBN or to its customers. Therefore, please 
understand if we cannot use all items submitted. Also, please do not send the BBN 
Digest to anyone outside the company. 
The BBN Digest is edited by Deborah Malone, Cheryl Rohlicek, and Anne Wagner 
with help from many others. 
 Printed on rccyclcd paper. 
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